AWS Code Pipeline — Day 20

Understanding AWS CodePipeline

AWS CodePipeline is a fully managed continuous integration and continuous delivery service offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS). It automates the build, test, and deployment phases of your release process, allowing for the rapid and reliable delivery of applications and infrastructure updates. Its core strength lies in its flexibility and integration capabilities, enabling seamless orchestration of various tools and services within the AWS ecosystem and beyond.

Key Features and Benefits

  1. Pipeline Creation and Visualization: CodePipeline allows developers to construct customizable pipelines that visualize the workflow stages from source code through to production deployment. This visual representation simplifies understanding and debugging of the delivery process.

  2. Flexibility and Extensibility: Integration with other AWS services like AWS CodeBuild, AWS CodeDeploy, and third-party tools via custom actions allows for a tailored CI/CD pipeline. It supports multiple source code repositories like AWS CodeCommit, GitHub, and Bitbucket, offering flexibility in source control.

  3. Automated Testing and Validation: CodePipeline facilitates automated testing at various stages, ensuring code quality and reliability before deployment. Integration with AWS testing services like AWS CodeBuild and AWS Device Farm streamlines the testing process.

  4. Security and Compliance: AWS CodePipeline ensures security measures by providing encryption options, secure access controls, and compliance with industry standards. It also supports fine-grained permissions using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM).

  5. Scalability and Performance: Being a fully managed service, CodePipeline can automatically scale based on the workload, ensuring consistent performance even during high-demand periods.

Workflow of AWS CodePipeline

The typical workflow in AWS CodePipeline involves stages such as:

  • Source: Fetching the source code from a repository (GitHub, AWS CodeCommit, etc.).

  • Build: Compiling the code, running tests, and producing deployable artifacts (using AWS CodeBuild or similar services).

  • Deploy: Automating the deployment of artifacts to various environments, integrating with services like AWS CodeDeploy.

  • Approval: Manual approval steps for human intervention or compliance checks.

  • Invoke: Triggering subsequent actions or services based on the pipeline's successful completion.

Real-world Applications

AWS CodePipeline finds applications across various industries and use cases:

  1. Software Development: Streamlining the release cycles for web applications, mobile apps, and software updates.

  2. Infrastructure as Code (IaC): Automating the deployment of infrastructure changes using tools like AWS CloudFormation.

  3. DevOps Practices: Facilitating the adoption of DevOps methodologies by automating processes and reducing manual interventions.

  4. Continuous Integration and Deployment: Enabling teams to deliver updates rapidly and consistently while maintaining quality standards.


Let's consider a simple web application built using Node.js and deployed on AWS Elastic Beanstalk. The project is stored in a GitHub repository.

Steps to Set Up AWS CodePipeline:

1. Configuration in AWS Management Console:

  1. AWS CodePipeline:

    • Go to the AWS Management Console and open the CodePipeline service.

    • Click on "Create pipeline" and give it a name like "MyWebAppPipeline."

  2. Source Stage:

    • Choose GitHub as the source provider and connect to the repository containing your Node.js web application code.

    • Select the branch you want to deploy.

  3. Build Stage:

    • Use AWS CodeBuild as the build provider.

    • Configure the build settings to install dependencies, run tests, and package the application.

  4. Deploy Stage:

    • For deployment, choose AWS Elastic Beanstalk as the deployment provider.

    • Specify the application and environment details where you want to deploy the code.

2. Pipeline Execution:

Once the pipeline is created, it automatically starts the workflow:

  • Source Stage:

    • CodePipeline fetches the source code from the GitHub repository.
  • Build Stage:

    • CodeBuild triggers the build process. It installs dependencies, runs tests, and generates the deployment artifacts.
  • Deploy Stage:

    • The deployment artifacts are sent to Elastic Beanstalk, which deploys the updated application to the specified environment.
  • Approval Stage (if included):

    • If an approval stage is present, designated personnel can review the changes and manually approve the deployment.

3. Monitoring and Management:

  • Pipeline Monitoring:

    • Track the progress of the pipeline in the AWS CodePipeline console. Monitor each stage's execution and check for any failures or issues.
  • Logging and Notifications:

    • Set up logging and notifications to receive alerts or notifications in case of pipeline failures or successful deployments.

Certainly! In AWS CodePipeline, you can define your pipeline using YAML through AWS CloudFormation templates or AWS CDK (Cloud Development Kit). Here's an example using AWS CDK, which allows you to define infrastructure as code using programming languages like TypeScript or Python. Let's create a simple pipeline using TypeScript and CDK.

TypeScript Example using AWS CDK:

Firstly, make sure you have AWS CDK installed and configured.

MyWebAppPipelineStack.ts (TypeScript file):

import * as cdk from '@aws-cdk/core';
import * as codepipeline from '@aws-cdk/aws-codepipeline';
import * as codepipelineActions from '@aws-cdk/aws-codepipeline-actions';
import * as codebuild from '@aws-cdk/aws-codebuild';
import * as codecommit from '@aws-cdk/aws-codecommit';

export class MyWebAppPipelineStack extends cdk.Stack {
  constructor(scope: cdk.Construct, id: string, props?: cdk.StackProps) {
    super(scope, id, props);

    // Define the CodePipeline
    const pipeline = new codepipeline.Pipeline(this, 'MyWebAppPipeline', {
      pipelineName: 'MyWebAppPipeline',

    // Source stage - GitHub repository
    const sourceOutput = new codepipeline.Artifact();
    const sourceAction = new codepipelineActions.GitHubSourceAction({
      actionName: 'GitHub_Source',
      output: sourceOutput,
      oauthToken: cdk.SecretValue.secretsManager('github-token'), // Replace with your GitHub token
      owner: 'YourGitHubUserName',
      repo: 'YourGitHubRepositoryName',
      branch: 'main',
      trigger: codepipelineActions.GitHubTrigger.WEBHOOK,
      stageName: 'Source',
      actions: [sourceAction],

    // Build stage - AWS CodeBuild
    const buildOutput = new codepipeline.Artifact();
    const buildProject = new codebuild.PipelineProject(this, 'MyWebAppBuild', {
      buildSpec: codebuild.BuildSpec.fromSourceFilename('buildspec.yml'),
    const buildAction = new codepipelineActions.CodeBuildAction({
      actionName: 'CodeBuild',
      input: sourceOutput,
      outputs: [buildOutput],
      project: buildProject,
      stageName: 'Build',
      actions: [buildAction],

    // Deployment stage - AWS Elastic Beanstalk (Sample, replace with your deployment target)
    // Assuming Elastic Beanstalk environment is already set up
    const deployAction = new codepipelineActions.ElasticBeanstalkDeployAction({
      actionName: 'Deploy',
      applicationName: 'MyWebApp',
      input: buildOutput,
      environmentName: 'MyWebAppEnvironment',
      stageName: 'Deploy',
      actions: [deployAction],

buildspec.yml (Example Build Specification File):

version: 0.2

      nodejs: 14
      - npm install
      - npm run build
    - '**/*'
  discard-paths: yes


  • The TypeScript file MyWebAppPipelineStack.ts defines a CDK stack that sets up a CodePipeline with three stages: Source (GitHub), Build (CodeBuild), and Deploy (Elastic Beanstalk).

  • The buildspec.yml file represents the build specification used by AWS CodeBuild. It defines the commands to install dependencies, build the project, and specify the artifacts to be generated.

  • You would need to replace placeholders like YourGitHubUserName, YourGitHubRepositoryName, GitHub tokens, and AWS deployment details with your actual project information.

This TypeScript code showcases how to define a CodePipeline using AWS CDK, integrating GitHub as a source, CodeBuild for building the application, and Elastic Beanstalk for deployment. You can further expand this example to include additional stages, tests, approvals, and more as per your project requirements.

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